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May 20, 2013

2

Changes in DUI Laws on the Horizon?

by WSBA
gavel drink keys
Read up on the proposed DUI law changes and tell us what you think!

missouri v mcneelyIn response to a recent string of fatal crashes caused by DUI drivers, the state Legislature has set its sights on strengthening DUI penalties in Washington. While tragedies like this are senseless and gut wrenching, it is important to remember that these results are not typical. An overhaul of DUI law must actively target the underlying cause of recidivism (alcoholism), while acknowledging that for many, a DUI is an isolated incident; a stupid mistake in an otherwise law-abiding life.

DUI penalties are already significant. Mandatory minimum penalties start at 24 consecutive hours in jail (convertible to 15 days of electronic home monitoring); $941 fine/court assessment; a 90-day license suspension; court-ordered alcohol evaluation, treatment, and victim impact panel; a one-year ignition interlock device (IID) requirement; five years of probation; and mandatory 12- hour impoundment of the vehicle immediately following arrest. The mandatory minimum penalties get stiffer with subsequent convictions within seven years or higher BAC levels. A person convicted of DUI may never vacate that conviction. It remains on their criminal history forever, even after the 10-year look-back period for sentencing and felony enhancements ends. This ensures a lifetime of shame and stigma even for those who never reoffend, and puts DUI offenders into the same category as violent felons and sex offenders.

The Legislature has amended RCW 46.61.5055, the statute prescribing DUI penalties, 11 times in the past 10 years; three times in 2012 alone and twice in 2011. DUI is not a subject area ignored by lawmakers where the crime’s impact on society has significantly outpaced stiffer sentencing. Now legislatures are looking at different alternatives to once again, “get really aggressive about drunk driving.”

Current Proposals to Change DUI Laws

Proposals include making the third DUI a felony (currently, the fifth DUI in 10 years is a felony); requiring impounded vehicles be outfitted with IIDs before releasing the vehicle; random sobriety checkpoints; increasing jail sentences for repeat offenders;  a 10- year prohibition on the consumption or purchase of alcohol following the third DUI conviction; faster filing of charges; and mandatory jail booking following arrest.

Requiring installation of IID devices on impounded vehicles is likely to run into various constitutional challenges, and may cause more harm than good especially where the DUI offender has borrowed the vehicle from a family member or friend. The Washington Supreme Court has already ruled random sobriety checkpoints unconstitutional in City of Seattle v. Mesiani. Mandatory jail booking following arrest will cause a massive need for more jail space and money to pay for it.

Most recently, the Legislature has largely overcome its initial emotional reaction to the recent deaths, and is now letting cooler heads prevail. The feasibility of the proposed changes is being hotly disputed, even by law enforcement and prosecutors. Stiffening DUI penalties to deter repeat offenders or even first-time offenders is a worthwhile goal for the Legislature and for society. Even one life lost is one too many. However, extra care must be taken by our lawmakers to craft laws and policies that strikes at the root of the problem while keeping in mind that everyone is entitled to one mistake.

Your take? What do you think of the proposed changes to DUI law? Will it do anything to deter first time or repeat offenders?

Read more from Criminal Law Section, News
2 Comments Post a comment
  1. Barb
    May 29 2013

    Although I don’t disagree with more stringent DUI penalties, I feel that a tremendous amount of effort needs to be placed more into recovery programs. You are correct. The underlying cause of the recidivism is because most repeat offenders suffer from alcoholism (more politically referred to as Alcohol Dependence Syndrome) which is, according to the AMA, a primary, chronic (and progressive) disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. However, a true alcoholic will continue the same behavior despite consequences to health, family, employment, social standing or legal ramifications. Alcohol introduced to the body, even in small amounts, changes the brain chemistry and feeds the alcoholic’s compulsive inability to stop drinking. I find it ironic that the State would open the sale of alcohol up wide and then crack down on the DUIs. What used to be an out-of-the-way trip to the liquor store which might have deterred some is now an in-your-face temptation. You cannot even walk down the bread isle or get eggs from the cooler at your local grocery store without a fifth of vodka or a gallon of whiskey staring you in the face. Very sad indeed.

    Reply
  2. Jun 10 2013

    I agree with your reasoning. Currently, if someone of average height and weight has a drink or two with dinner, their BAC can measure above .08. Throwing the book at a first time offender, who may not be impaired, doesn’t help society or make streets safer. It’s political move that only serves to burden the legal system and drain needed resources.

    Reply

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